All About Texels

We switched to Texels for many reason such as their gentle disposition, easy care, good mothering and that they are heavy milk producers BUT the main reason for switching was the beefy muscles they achieve so easily on nothing but forage. Heavy muscle, less leg bone along with gentle disposition is what the Texels bring.


The Texel has become the dominant terminal-sire breed in Europe. It is currently nearly equal to the Suffolk in market-share in the United Kingdom and gaining fast. The breed is also gaining in popularity in Australia and New Zealand as their production systems have shifted away from primary emphasis on wool to greater emphasis on lamb meat production. The breed clearly offers an opportunity for the North American sheep industry to improve the carcass merit of its product as well.


The Texel originated on the Isle of Texel off the coast of The Netherlands early in the nineteenth century. The emphasis was on a sheep that would produce heavily muscled lambs of superior eating quality. Since the primary market for these lambs was Continental Europe where excess fat on meat cuts has always been unpopular, significant effort was also made to produce a sheep that had a low propensity for fat 

The first Texels in the United States were imported by the Meat Animal Research Center at Clay Center, NE in 1985. After a five-year quarantine, some were released for purchase by private individuals in 1990 and subsequent years. 


The most outstanding feature of the Texel breed, however, is its remarkable muscle development and leanness. Research results from Clay Center and the University of Wisconsin indicate that Texel-sired lambs typically have a 6-10% advantage in loin-eye area when compared to American black-face-sired lambs. (In fact, many Texel breeders routinely scan loin-eyes as a selection tool and are finding 4+ square inches to be quite common with 5 square inch eyes appearing fairly often.) Texel-sired lambs also show an advantage of one full leg score in these comparisons and less total carcass fat-especially seam fat. This is significant in that seam fat is much harder to trim manually during fabrication than are subcutaneous and internal fat deposits. Curiously, even though Texel lambs in these trials grew slightly slower than the black-faced lambs, their feed efficiency was better. In a trial comparing Texel ram lambs to black-faced ram lambs, the Texels required about 15# less feed to produce 60# of gain.


Texel sheep have excellent temperaments. They are docile, easy to work around, and have a curious nature. They tend not to be easily excitable or nervous.


Due to the good milk yield of Texel ewes and the breeds abilities for fast growth, lambs can gain an average of .5 lbs per day on just pasture. At weaning (12 weeks) the average weight of the lambs is 55 lbs and their final weight at slaughter (24 weeks) is 97 lb on average. Texels are medium sized sheep with ewes weighing 150 - 200 pounds. They are easy keeping, easy fleshing animals that thrive on grass. The above lamb's weights were based on a pasture only grass based test. Supplemental feeds would increase gains.


The length of the breeding season of mature Texel ewes is nearly 5 months. The Texel ewes comes in heat for the first time at about 7 months of age. Of importance is the total annual lamb production of the ewe, a combined effect of prolificacy and lambing frequency. Selection for litter size has resulted in a high rate of lamb production. The average litter size has resulted in a high rate of lamb production. Texel ewes are excellent mothers and provide a high yield of milk for their lambs